When teaching an European Martial Arts class you have an opportunity to not only convey technique but to positively shape thinking. The psychology with which we approach learning and practice is incredibly influential over our success at that practice and our energy to keep at it long term. Here are some things you should be saying to your training group on a regular basis, whether you’re a teacher or simply a leader in your group.
There’s no such thing as talent
Talent is a seductive and destructive idea to one’s practice. It feeds the part of us that believes we should be good at things right away, or just give up. It leads to unfair comparison between yourself and other students in the class, and overall it can kill motivation.
Countless studies have shown that talent, i.e., one’s genetic ability and qualities, has little influence over success in complex skills (which swordplay is most certainly) and that hours of practice is the most significant influencing factor.
As a leader it’s essential that you keep directing the minds of your group toward growth through practice and away from the belief that talent has anything to do with success. In this way you can help your students combat their own negative self-talk and keep putting in the needed energy to truly get results.
Further reading: Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell
If you’re not failing, you’re not really practicing—so make sure you’re failing
Time practicing is not the only factor of training that dictates long-term success. The quality of practice is essential. If you’re not falling short to some degree in your solo drills, partner drills, and sparring, you’re not challenging yourself enough. Teach your students to increase the difficulty of their training, keeping it skewed toward success, but not entirely. Constantly encourage your students to fail and push toward the edges of their ability. It is essential as leaders that we wipe out the stigma of failure.
Further reading: Bounce by Matthew Syed
Praise yourself for facing challenges, not for getting results
Failure avoidance, and thus challenge avoidance, begins with our beliefs about both the world (for example a belief that talent is what matters and not practice) and our self-image. Dr. Carol Dweck, in the studies that lead up to her book Mindset, showed that you could negatively impact the IQ of a child simply by praising them for being smart. Children who had been praised for being smart, when encountering failure, retreated to easier practice and avoided new challenges. They did not want to shatter the established image of being “smart”. Children who were praised for hard work and their willingness to face challenges were more eager to seek greater challenges and more likely to excel beyond their smartness-praised peers.
Be savvy about how you praise your students, and encourage your students to apply the wisdom of this research in their own self-praise. It is greater to face a big challenge and grow than it is to succeed in a small challenge and remain unchanged.
Further reading: Mindset by Carol Dweck
What books, videos or other resources have helped you along the way? Please share your thoughts in the comments. I look forward to reading them.